Rivalry In the traditional economic model, competition among rival firms drives profits to zero. But competition is not perfect and firms are not unsophisticated passive price takers.
Judging the smallest vineyard region is harder since, in some cases, individual regions can be incredibly specific, almost down to the size of individual vineyards - for which, see below. Area - by vineyard The largest single vineyard is reputed to be in Monterey County, California.
Today it amounts to 2, hectares but it once totalled 3, - in either case, it is much bigger than the combined vineyard area of England today. As for the smallest, Krug's Clos d'Ambonnay must be a contender at 0.
Planting density Planting density - that is, the number of individual vines in a given area - is often assumed to be an indicator of quality, where the greater the density, the better the fruit.
The underlying logic is that closely planted vines have to compete with each other for nutrients and water, forcing them to expand their root structure and produce greater complexity in their fruit.
However, there is no proof that this is the case, despite many experiments that have been attempted. At the other end of the scale, Vinho Verde has vineyards with as few as vines per hectare. Further south in Portugal, the sandy vineyards of Colares may been even lower, tending to have large vines sprawling across the sand see belowsometimes interplanted with apple trees.
Yield - lowest Directly related to vine density is one of the most oft-cited pieces of data, yield. Normally expressed in hectolitres per hectare, where a hectolitre equals litres, it gives a measurement of how much wine is produced from a given area. Again, there's a presumption that vineyards yielding less wine should equate to higher quality, because restricting the volume of fruit being grown is supposed to result in greater concentration.
The truth is more complicated, and requires some basic mathematics. Yield is often enshrined in the appellation laws of traditional areas.
With these two facts, we can start to put the figures in context. Generally speaking, it takes between and kg of grapes to produce litres of wine.
For the sake of convenience, let's say the average is kg. Therefore, if one hectare of Le Musigny yields 3, litres, there must be around 5, kg of fruit because 5, divided by 1.
Because we also know the planting density, we can calculate that each vine yields 0. The lowest of all yields tend to be for nobly rotten sweet wine, whose grapes have shrivelled. Can we prove this? That would give a yield per vine of grams of fruit, which will produce around 0.
Of course, with fertilisation and irrigation, yields can be forced ever higher, though such factory farming would inevitably result in dilute, poor-quality fruit from overworked vines. For much more detail on yields, see the Oxford Companion entry.
Yield - most expensive Then of course, there is the consideration of the price of the grapes, measured either in US tons or metric tonnes.Oscar Medina AP Lit Per.1 Mr.
Royal February 9, Grapes of Wrath Ch. Analysis Ch.5 Theme: A theme found in this chapter is “The Monster,” or to be more exact, human control. The Monster is the bank, as it takes the money away from all the people.
In the last analysis, though, this little fable of the fox and the grapes hides a nasty and uncomfortable truth: that we can very quickly turn from desire to hatred purely because we don’t get what we want.
Hundreds of references and links to wine, winemaking, viticulture, reseach publications, databases, and source material, culled by Jack Keller, creator of The Winemaking Home Page, the definitive winemaking web site.
In the novel The Grapes of Wrath, author John Steinbeck conveys the connection people have with their land, how big, greedy, corporations take that away, and how family unity provides the strength to overcome the hardships that are set in place by the corporations. All humans think of . Spanning more than sixty years, A Long Way from Home is the story of Susie; her daughter, Clara; and her granddaughter, Susan--house slaves born and reared at Montpelier, the Virginia plantation of President James Madison.
Proud and intelligent, these women are united by love, fierce devotion, and a desire for freedom that grows stronger year by year. Area - by region. The largest single region of vineyard is the Languedoc, which stretches across virtually all of the southern French coast.
At nearly , ha, .