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Definition and Outline Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. World history is full of examples of one Colonialism and dependence essay gradually expanding by incorporating adjacent territory and settling its people on newly conquered territory.
The ancient Greeks set up colonies as did the Romans, the Moors, and the Ottomans, to name just a few of the most famous examples. Colonialism, then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Nevertheless, in the sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because of technological developments in navigation that began to connect more remote parts of the world.
Fast sailing ships made it possible to reach distant ports and to sustain close ties between the center and colonies. Thus, the modern European colonial project emerged when it became possible to move large numbers of people across the ocean and to maintain political sovereignty in spite of geographical dispersion.
This entry uses the term colonialism to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including the Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia. The difficulty of defining colonialism stems from the fact that the term is often used as a synonym for imperialism.
Both colonialism and imperialism were forms of conquest that were expected to benefit Europe economically and strategically. The term colonialism is frequently used to describe the settlement of North America, Australia, New Zealand, Algeria, and Brazil, places that were controlled by a large population of permanent European residents.
The term imperialism often describes cases in which a foreign government administers a territory without significant settlement; typical examples include the scramble for Africa in the late nineteenth century and the American domination of the Philippines and Puerto Rico.
The distinction between the two, however, is not entirely consistent in the literature. Some scholars distinguish between colonies for settlement and colonies for economic exploitation. Others use the term colonialism to describe dependencies that are directly governed by a foreign nation and contrast this with imperialism, which involves indirect forms of domination.
The confusion about the meaning of the term imperialism reflects the way that the concept has changed over time. Imperialism was understood as a system of military domination and sovereignty over territories.
The day to day work of government might be exercised indirectly through local assemblies or indigenous rulers who paid tribute, but sovereignty rested with the British. The shift away from this traditional understanding of empire was influenced by the Leninist analysis of imperialism as a system oriented towards economic exploitation.
According to Lenin, imperialism was the necessary and inevitable result of the logic of accumulation in late capitalism. Thus, for Lenin and subsequent Marxists, imperialism described a historical stage of capitalism rather than a trans-historical practice of political and military domination.
The lasting impact of the Marxist approach is apparent in contemporary debates about American imperialism, a term which usually means American economic hegemony, regardless of whether such power is exercised directly or indirectly Young Given the difficulty of consistently distinguishing between the two terms, this entry will use colonialism as a broad concept that refers to the project of European political domination from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries that ended with the national liberation movements of the s.
Post-colonialism will be used to describe the political and theoretical struggles of societies that experienced the transition from political dependence to sovereignty.
This entry will use imperialism as a broad term that refers to economic, military, political domination that is achieved without significant permanent European settlement. Natural Law and the Age of Discovery The Spanish conquest of the Americas sparked a theological, political, and ethical debate about the use of military force to acquire control over foreign lands.The Effects of African Colonialism Essay Sample.
More than three decades after the majority of the African nations declared their independence, there remains, still, no . Post-colonialism will be used to describe the political and theoretical struggles of societies that experienced the transition from political dependence to sovereignty.
This entry will use imperialism as a broad term that refers to economic, military, political domination that is achieved without significant permanent European settlement. Dependency theory, thus, explain the relationship between two or more countries that assumes a form of dependence when a dominant country exploits the dependent one for its own gain and profit, under the cover of making it a ‘modern’ while actually expanding itself and maximising it’ own profits.
Continue for 24 more pages» • Join now to read essay Latin America - Colonialism and Dependence and other term papers or research documents. Evaluate explanations of development and under-development put forward by dependency theorists (33) The plan below is just one suggestion as to how you might go about answering this essay.
Briefly introduce Dependency Theory Dependency theory is a Marxist theory, Continue reading →. However, this essay will on the imbalance between western powers and the developing world and consequential exploitation, which meaning that a temporary period of political dependence or tutelage was necessary in order for ‘uncivilized’ societies to advance to the point where they Colonialism Colonialism is the establishment.