Sample Student Research Project, fall Tina Pequeno 16 November The Dehumanization of Slaves and Slave Holders Throughout American history, minority groups were victims of American governmental policies, and these policies made them vulnerable to barbaric and inhumane treatment at the hands of white Americans. American slavery is a telling example of a government sanctioned institution that victimized and oppressed a race of people by indoctrinating and encouraging enslavement, racism and abuse.
Shutterstock Although African-Americans constitute only 13 percent of all Americansnearly half of all prison inmates in the U. A number of recent studies and reports paint a damning picture of how American society dehumanizes blacks starting from early childhood.
More than 20 years ago, Smith College professor Ann Arnett Ferguson wrote a groundbreaking book based on her three-year study of how black boys in particular are perceived differently starting in school. In fact, black youth are far more likely to be suspended from school than any other race.
They also face disproportionate expulsion and arrest rates, and once children enter the juvenile justice system they are far more likely to be incarcerated as adults.
Even the Justice Department under President Obama has understood what a serious problem this is, issuing a set of new guidelines earlier this year to curb discriminatory suspension in schools.
But it turns out that negative disciplinary actions affect African-American children starting as early as age 3.
Department of Education just released a comprehensive study of public schools, revealing in a report that black children face discrimination even in preschool.
That preschool-aged children are suspended at all is hugely disturbing. Data from the year show that although black children make up only 18 percent of preschoolers, 42 percent of them were suspended at least once and 48 percent were suspended multiple times.
Consistent with this educational data and taking into account broader demographic, family and economic data for children of various races, broken down by state, is a newer study released this week by the Annie E.
Casey Foundation that found African-American children are on the lowest end of nearly every measured index including proficiency in math and reading, high school graduation, poverty and parental education.
One research project, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychologyexamined how college students and police officers estimated the ages of children who they were told had committed crimes. We find support for these hypotheses Another study by researchers at UC Riverside found that teachers tended to be more likely to evaluate black children negatively than nonblack ones who were engaged in pretend play.
Psychology professor Tuppett M. Yates, who led the study, observed preschool-aged children interacting with stuffed toys and other props and evaluated them for how imaginative and creative they were.
Imaginative and expressive black children were perceived as less ready for school, as less accepted by their peers, and as greater sources of conflict and tension. Or is America Just Racist? The preschool-to-prison pipeline needs to be dismantled from its starting point rather than simply its endpoint.
This is the world we cover. Because of people like you, another world is possible. There are many battles to be won, but we will battle them together—all of us.Dehumanization of Black Children. One study found that black children are more likely to be perceived as older and more dangerous than their white peers—a fact that might help explain why police thought year-old Tamir Rice, a boy recently shot by police in Cleveland, was Children of color learn to cope with racial discrimination through racial socialization.
92–94 The critical role of parents in preparing children to cope with discrimination's adverse effects is well documented.
12,64,85,92,95 Nearly 90% of black parents regard racial socialization as an important goal in raising their children, and most. Black children lack any form of family structure. They are not taught respect for teachers or any [authoritive] figures. Most black children are disruptive, aggressive and are [more keen] on gang culture than getting an education (caninariojana.com, ).
Our research found that black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when white boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent,” said author Phillip Atiba Goff, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles.
Taken together, this research suggests that dehumanization is a uniquely dangerous intergroup attitude, that intergroup perception of children is underexplored, and that both topics should be research priorities.
Black children so vulnerable to being treated like adults? When Black adults are treated more harshly than Whites, re-. Taken together, they make a strong case for the existence of a “preschool-to-prison” pipeline and the systematic dehumanization that black children face in American society.
Yates summarized, “Across these different studies, black children are viewed differently.