Technical Experiments on Humans 6.
The research in this paper shows that personal computers were not met with a warm reception when they were first introduced. At first, computers were huge mainframe computers that had to be built on site and were only used for business.
The invention of the PC made it easier for people to create new hobbies, store information, or perform mathematical duties that were almost always done by hand.
The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.
The personal computer has revolutionized business and personal activities and even the way people talk and think; however, its development has been less of a revolution than an evolution and convergence of three critical elements - thought, hardware, and software.
Although the PC traces its lineage to the mainframe and minicomputers of the s and s, the conventional thought that was prevalent during the first thirty years of the computer age saw no value in a small computer that could be used by individuals.
The Altair, introduced in Januarywas the first computer to be produced in fairly high quantity, and it was the first computer to run Microsoft software. Upon further research it was found that in fact, the first personal computer was created in It was named Simon.
Edmund Berkeley first described Simon in his book, "Giant Brains, or Machines That Think" and went on to publish plans to build Simon in a series of Radio Electronics issues in and BySimon computers were sold Veit, p. Bythe computer was king. Companies hired armies of technicians and programmers to write its operating programs and software, fix it, and allocate the precious computer time.
The capability of the machines was more than a mere mortal could fathom, but gathering raw data and "keying" it in so the computer could "crunch the numbers" was a complicated and time-consuming task. The turnabout for computers came in Two engineers for Fairchild Electronics decided to set out on their own and open an electronics firm.
The focus of their company was initially semiconductor computer memory. They developed a number of these chips because they were practical and affordable. In an event happened that has changed the world, and set off the microcomputer revolution Shirley, p.
He developed a single-chip, a general purpose logic device that would retrieve its instructions form semiconductor memory. From his design the Intel microprocessor was created. Intel purchased the rights for its product back from the Japanese firm. This small chip was a key development in the history of the personal computer Pask, p.
This allowed electronic hobbyists to purchase it for "homebrew" computer clubs. One such hobbyist was Steven Wozniak. He and his friend, Steven Jobs were both electronics enthusiasts that work for Silicon Valley companies. Wozniak liked to dabble in computer and electronic projects, so he began the design for the Apple I in It was the first computer to come in a plastic case, and included color graphics Thorne, p.
Apple introduced the floppy disk drive inallowing Apple II users to store data on something other than the cumbersome and unreliable tape cassettes that had been used up to that point. IBM, the world leader in computers of the time wanted to cash in on the new personal computer craze.
Their engineers began developing a computer, but they needed software to run on it. They were running out of time to beat the deadline, so they decided to find another company to develop the software for them. Someone suggested a small company called "Microsoft".
When Bill Gates was initially approached about the project, Gates was unsure if Microsoft could complete the large, complex program within the deadline, so he directed them to a competitor, Digital Research.
As luck would have it IBM was unable to come to an agreement with this company and returned to Microsoft. Gates decided to take on the project Wallace He then cleaned it up and modified it to work for IBM. These clones helped to expand the PC market because they were offered at lower prices.
Its small size and price attractedThe history of the personal computer as a mass-market consumer electronic device began with the microcomputer revolution of the s. The launch of the IBM Personal Computer coined both the term Personal Computer and PC.A personal computer is one intended for interactive individual use, , as opposed to a mainframe computer where the end user's requests are filtered.
The History of Computers This Research Paper The History of Computers and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on caninariojana.com Autor: review • December 4, • Research Paper • 2, Words (10 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).
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