September 16 is celebrated as Mexican Independence Day.
Bernadine Mills Posted on August 31, Independence movement brazil and mexico 4 stages of Mexico's independence in which it is usually divided historical period are four: The periods of each of these stages were established according to the nature and scope of the events occurring in the periods comprised.
The initiation of the independence was developed between the years and It consisted in a disorganized revolt against the Spanish crown, led by Miguel Hidalgo and Motivated by a feeling of rage unleashed before the injustices that lived especially the natives and peasants. In spite of being a massive movement, it did not count on a military and political organization that allowed him to face the monarchical regime arrived from Spain.
The royalist authority was little enough to put an end to the revolutionary attempt, and as a result the most important leaders, including Hidalgo, were shot.
During the second stage the aims of the revolution were clearly organized and defined. The third stage was characterized by resistance with its main promoters: The consummation was the fourth stage; first with the Treaty of Cordoba that approved the Plan of Iguala recognizing the Spanish monarchy but the constitutional sovereignty for Mexico, and later with the Act of Independence.
Stages of Mexican Independence 1- Introduction This stage begins in September of the year and ends in July of It is a period of great general dissatisfaction that responds to internal causes like administrative corruption, the mistreatment to the natives, the blacks and the castes, and diverse imposed cultural restrictions for the Spanish crown.
Illustrated ideas that brought facts such as French Revolutionthe Declaration of Independence of the United States of America and the invasion of France into Spain, with a consequent extension of a liberal ideology, were external causes that ignited the independence mood in Mexico.
It is believed that almost 50, men were part of this first revolutionary attempt led, among others, by Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo. It was a period characterized by the expression of various proposals that had no organization or direction.
Before designing a military war, it was argued whether one wanted to maintain a relationship with the Spanish monarchy or whether complete separation was desired; Hidalgo was among the latter.
The first revolutionary outbreaks occurred in rural areas of great economic potential such as the Bajio region, the northern indigenous region of Michoacan and Guadalajara. The stage of initiation of the independence of Mexico lasted only seven months and finished with the execution of the main leaders, among them, the father Hidalgo and the subordination or delivery of several subversives to whom the Spanish crown pardoned.
It begins with the capture of the first caudillos and is characterized for being an attempt of organized independence, with military and political structure. It is a stage of constitutional organization but also operative because a system of tax collection and administration of national assets was established.
An administration of spiritual services was created and institutions of justice were defined by granting autonomy to the peoples. In the yearJose Maria Morelos presented before the Congress of Chilpancingo the document Feelings of the Nationwhere he declared the freedom of America of Spain or any other monarchy.
The document also urged the prohibition of slavery forever, as well as the distinction of castes, thus promoting freedom and equality. You may be interested 7 Consequences of the Independence of Mexico.
It developed between December of the year and February of In a strategy of defense rather than attack the rebels remained in the fighting in areas that were very rough for Spanish soldiers. The strength demonstrated by the criollos who resisted the hard realistic counteroffensive united to the Constitution of Cadiz, of liberal court, that had to accept Fernando VII, forced the royalist authorities to agree the independence of Mexico.
As part of the Treaty of Cordoba was signed the Plan of Iguala that defined three guarantees: The new norms maintained the jurisdiction for military and ecclesiastics and in turn gave the power to develop their own constitutional regime to Mexicans.
An agreement was reached in to the Act of Independence. The later years were of political and military crisis in which the Mexicans tried to test several political systems while they faced a hard economic crisis.
You may be interested Mexico After Independence: Economic, Political and Social Situation. References Van Young, E. The Process of Mexican Independence. The American Historical Review1 The Revolution in Mexican Independence: Hispanic American Historical Review Del Arenal Fenochio, J.
A way of being free: Church and state in the First Decade of Mexican Independence.Declares independence for Brazil and makes himself emperor Pedro gives power to sequel Pedro II – rules most of 19th century So Brazil had early advantage of stable monarchy/gov’t through independence.
Brazil gained its independence on September 7th, , when Dom Pedro proclaimed Brazil's independence after an antagonistic relationship with Portugal proved too much for the Brazilian people. Although a movement toward Mexican independence had already been in progress since Napoleon's conquest of Spain, Hidalgo's passionate declaration was a swift, unpremeditated decision on his part.
"Mexicanos, Viva Mexico!", (Mexicans, long live Mexico!). Mexico and the United States in Their Colonial Roots and the Legacy of their Independence Movements.
By Jesús Velasco-Márquez Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México. The Brazilian independence movement from Portugal was a very swift and painless movement.
After being given a look at how an independent country ran when The Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil, Brazilian nationalism took hold of the country and in they declared their independence. Independence Movements of Latin America Mrs.