Background[ edit ] In the previous general election inthe incumbent Barisan Nasional government won re-election for the 13th consecutive time, but with a decreased mandate and losing the majority vote. The main opposition, Pakatan Rakyatled by Anwar Ibrahimwon the majority vote but was unable to win enough seats to form the government due to Malaysia 's first-past-the-post voting system and alleged gerrymandering.
Parliamentary constituencies and state assemblies of Malaysia At the federal level, voters elect the member House of Representatives Malay: Dewan Rakyat, literally "Hall of the People" of the bicameral Parliament.
Members are elected from single-member constituencies drawn based on population using the first past the post system. The party that has the majority of the House of Representatives will form the federal government.
The Constitution of Malaysia requires that a general election must be held at least once every five years. However, the Prime Minister can ask the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to dissolve the Parliament at any time before this Is malaysia ready for e voting period has expired.
A general election should be held no later than two months in West Malaysia and three months for East Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak after the dissolution of the Parliament.
Since independence, the winner of the parliamentary election has always been the Barisan Nasional National Front, abbreviated BN; once known as the Alliancea coalition of fourteen parties.
The election saw the first time the Alliance failed to attain a two-thirds majority in Parliament two-thirds majority being the majority required to pass most constitutional amendmentswhich happened again in the and elections, the latter also saw the BN losing the popular vote while retaining the majority of seats.
In the general electionsthe Pakatan Harapan coalition defeated the BN at the federal level for the first time in history.
The number of representatives varies between the different states, with as many as 82 electorates in Sarawak and as little as 15 in Perlis. Members are elected from single-member constituencies drawn based on population using the first-past-the-post system. State assembly constituencies are usually smaller in area and population than the parliamentary constituencies.
The party that forms the majority of the state assembly will form the state government. Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the parliamentary election but each state can decide when to hold its election. This is because state assemblies are dissolved by their respective Ruler or governor on the advice of the chief minister of the state.
For example, following the Kelantan Emergencya snap election was called in Kelantan in Marchmonths ahead of the general election in July A more recent example is that in the general election, the state elections of the 11 states on Peninsular Malaysia were held simultaneously with the parliamentary election while the state elections of Sabah and Sarawak were held at different dates.
In the and general elections, the state election of Sabah were held simultaneously with the parliamentary election as well, but Sarawak held its state election in and The worst result for the Alliance was inwhen it lost its majority in Perak, Selangor and Penang in addition to Kelantan.
Perak was returned to BN control in following a constitutional crisis. Following the elections, the BN only retained control of the states of PerlisPahang and Sarawak. PAS retains Kelantan while capturing Terengganu.
BN still remained governing the state of Sarawak, which they won in the state elections held inuntil the Sarawak BN parties left the coalition inthus forming Gabungan Parti Sarawak. Local government elections[ edit ] Although there used to be elections for members of local governments such as municipal councilstoday, no local government elections are held in Malaysia.
Local government elections were suspended after the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation in The suspension was never lifted and instead made permanent under the Local Government Act Under the Act, or the laws of individual states where relevant, local government members are appointed by the state government.
Kayveas raised concerns about local governments in latesome suggested reviving local government elections. However, in an opinion column, the New Straits Times owned by the United Malays National Organisation or UMNO, leading party of the Barisan Nasional quoted a professor from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia as saying that such elections would not be brought back because "policymakers know from experience worldwide that the Opposition tends to dominate such councils as part of the electorate's desire for checks-and-balances.Sep 23, · The party had for the first time used an electronic voting system on Saturday (Sept 22) in Penang and Kedah, but there was a glitch in the system and voting was disrupted causing some unexpected incidents and postponements in some divisions.
a place to help you be ready for the new era – Nation; Palm oil seen to be in range. A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Sunday Times on September 23, , with the headline 'Tensions flare amid e-voting glitches in Malaysia's PKR polls'.
Print Edition. Is Malaysia ready to face a new massive and influential and young voting block once the amendment is passed?
Join us for the debate between YB Syed Saddiq and Mr. Ragunath Kesavan to discuss how ready are we for Undi Yet the e-voting system is not ready and that is bad. “It is a new thing to have e-voting system in place and it is something that is progressive and we are okay with that.
But we are also not really ready in terms of preparations,” she told NSTP today. Getting the voice of young people head in the nation-building process is one reason why Malaysia is looking to reduce the voting age from 21 to 18, said Youth . Sep 26, · PIX: AFIQ RAZALI / Malaysia Gazette / 25 SEPTEMBER PETALING JAYA – The e-voting system will continue to be used for PKR’s polls but with improvements made, said PKR president-elect Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim.
He said based on the voting process at the elections in Penang on Saturday, the system functioned well only that.