Plan of Jewish ghettoFrankfurtDemolition of the Jewish ghetto, Frankfurt, A Jewish quarter is the area of a city traditionally inhabited by Jews in the diaspora.
Educational Materials in Other Languages This online course explores the evolution of the ghettos, their function, and their role within the "Final Solution".
A special emphasis is placed on daily life inside the ghettos — the day-to-day struggles, dilemmas, and acts of resistance in the face of diminishing living space and means. Primary and secondary sources will be examined, and the historical content of the course will be explored through testimonies, diaries, artwork, literature and photographs.
As with all our online courses, assignments may be submitted at your own pace. Once you are approved onto the course system, participation will remain open for a period of 6 months, after which your course access will expire.
We recommend reading the material and submitting the assignments at a rate of one lesson or more every two weeks. For course conduct and additional questions, please visit our FAQ page. Ghettos — Introductory Lesson Lesson 1 is an introduction to the ghettos established by the Nazi regime, in which we will examine the single, vague order which resulted in the creation of an extensive network of ghettos in occupied Poland and eastern Europe in which Jews were isolated and made to suffer.
The lesson discusses the purposes the Nazis sought to achieve by establishing ghettos, and studies three ghettos in some depth - the Warsaw, Lodz and Vilna ghettos.
Gennady Barkun, The Minsk Ghetto,in: Remembering for the Future: Keter Publishing, Jerusalem, pp. Daily Life in the Ghetto In this lesson, we will discuss the hunger, overcrowding, disease and isolation that were integral aspects of life in ghettos. We will also discuss the effect of daily life in the ghetto on the family unit, and we will touch on the deportations that spelled the end of the ghettos.
Cultural Life in the Ghettos Lesson three explores the ways and means of survival and the preservation of human dignity in the ghettos.
The issue of cultural life in the ghettos is examined through the use of testimonies and research.
If we see the continuation of cultural life in the ghetto as a means of spiritual survival and a way to maintain human dignity, then we can relate to cultural life in the ghetto as a form of resistance.
The Lodz Ghetto Chronicles: Palgrave, The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide, Vol.
The Ghetto and the Outside World Lesson 4 describes the limited contacts between the ghettos and the outside world. We will discuss the relative isolation of different ghettos and the way such isolation impacted life inside these ghettos, and we will meet a number of personalities, including Frumka Plotnicka and Emanuel Ringelblum, who labored to combat this isolation.
Yale University Press, The Isolation of Jews in Western Europe Lesson 5 addresses the isolation and deportation of Jews in Western Europe, which proceeded differently for ideological reasons than that of Jews in Eastern Europe. The lesson examines in depth the situation of the Jewish populations of France, the Netherlands and Belgium, which exemplify the fate of Jews in Western Europe.
David Bankier, Israel Gutman eds. Yad Vashem,Yad Vashem, Jerusalem The Stanislawow ghetto was located not in the Generalgouvernement, but in the area of Poland that came under Soviet rule in ; as a result, like the other ghettos in this area, it was established only after the initial wave of mass murder that occurred with the German invasion of the Soviet Union in The "Model Ghetto-Camp" in Czechoslovakia The Theresienstadt ghetto was unique for a number of reasons, including its cynical use by the Germans for propaganda purposes, and the fact that it had many of the attributes of a ghetto in addition to having attributes of a labor camp.
Lesson 7 explores this ghetto in depth.
Gutman, Yisrael, Saf, Avital Eds. Bondy, Ruth, The Theresienstadt Ghetto:5 lessons from growing up in the hood.
Growing up in the ghetto is rough. I managed to get out and I’m never going back, but the lessons I learned about human nature will stay with me forever.
Scenes of Warsaw ghetto life including arrival of inmates, the Jewish police, and the walls. Scenes of Warsaw ghetto life including crowded streets, forced labor, smuggling, and homeless children.
Images of life in other Polish ghettos outside of Warsaw including a marketplace, an execution, and a ghetto newspaper. May 02, · This movie, which focuses on the story of the Lodz ghetto, will discuss the challenges of teaching about this period: how can we make the story of the ghettos relevant to our students?
A charcoal drawing entitled 'The Lodz Ghetto - ', depicting the harshness of life in the Lodz ghetto. The artist is David Friedman, a survivor of the Lodz Ghetto. He wrote: “The hunger was so great that one searched in trashcans for whatever was edible, although this was prohibited.”.
council of Jewish representatives in communities and ghettos set up by Nazis to carry out instructions, these people usually had some "pull" meaning they had a little protection due to their usefulness in the Ghetto, but this didn't necessarily save them.
The Warsaw ghetto was the largest ghetto established in Poland. Approximately , Jews were crowded into an area of square miles that was the Warsaw ghetto. Other major ghettos were located in Krakow, Bialystok, Lvov, Lublin, Vilna, Kovno, Czestochowa, and Minsk.