Blog How To Write Correct Sentences Master the essentials of the sentence as an aid to clear thinking and effective writing. Writing a good sentence is an art, and you can master that art by developing your awareness of what makes a sentence work.
Definition A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a verb A clause can be usefully distinguished from a phrase, which is a group of related words that does not contain a subject-verb relationship, such as "in the morning" or "running down the street" or "having grown used to this harassment.
Words We Use to Talk about Clauses Learning the various terms used to define and classify clauses can be a vocabulary lesson in itself. This digital handout categorizes clauses into independent and dependent clauses. This simply means that some clauses can stand by themselves, as separate sentences, and some can't.
Another term for dependent clause is subordinate clause: The subordinate clause is created by a subordinating conjunction or dependent word. An independent clause, "She is older than her brother" which could be its own sentencecan be turned into a dependent or subordinate clause when the same group of words begins with a dependent word or a subordinating conjunction in this case: The words essential and nonessential are sometimes used and mean the same thing as restrictive and nonrestrictive, respectively.
British grammarians will make this same distinction by referring to clauses with the terms defining and non-defining. A nonrestrictive clause is not essential to the meaning of the sentence; it can be removed from the sentence without changing its basic meaning.
Nonrestrictive clauses are often set apart from the rest of the sentence by a comma or a pair of commas if it's in the middle of a sentence. Write a sentence without a predicate Villa, who used to be a secretary for the President, can type words a minute.
Review the Notorious Confusables section on the difference between That and Which for additional clarification on the distinction between restrictive and nonrestrictive.
Relative clauses are dependent clauses introduced by a Relative Pronoun that, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose, and of which. Relative clauses can be either restrictive or nonrestrictive. Review the section on Comma Usage for additional help in determining whether relative clauses are restrictive or nonrestrictive parenthetical or not and whether commas should be used to set them off from the rest of the sentence.
In a relative clause, the relative pronoun is the subject of the verb remember that all clauses contain a subject-verb relationship and refers to relates to something preceding the clause.
Giuseppe said that the plantar wart, which had been bothering him for years, had to be removed. Some relative clauses will refer to more than a single word in the preceding text; they can modify an entire clause or even a series of clauses. Charlie didn't get the job in administration, which really surprised his friends.
Charlie didn't get the job in administration, and he didn't even apply for the Dean's position, which really surprised his friends. A relative clause that refers to or modifies entire clauses in this manner is called a sentential clause.
Sometimes the "which" of a sentential clause will get tucked into the clause as the determiner of a noun: Charlie might very well take a job as headmaster, in which case the school might as well close down. Finally, everybody's favorite clause is the Santa Clause, which needs no further definition: Independent Clauses Independent Clauses could stand by themselves as discrete sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses.
The ability to recognize a clause and to know when a clause is capable of acting as an independent unit is essential to correct writing and is especially helpful in avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences.
|How to Write Sentences Correctly||What is a Predicate?|
|Origins and basic characteristics||Towards the end of that period, I was looking through, if not reading, a review in the London Review of Books dated 8 February|
|Characteristics of Modern English||For an essay giving background on the contest, click here. The Bad Writing Contest celebrates the most stylistically lamentable passages found in scholarly books and articles published in the last few years.|
Needless to say, it is important to learn how to combine independent clauses into larger units of thought. In the following sentence, for example, Bob didn't mean to do it, but he did it anyway.
If the word "but" is missing from this sentence, the sentence would be called a comma splice: Furthermore, a long series of clauses of similar structure and length begins to feel monotonous, leading to what is called "Dick and Jane" or primer language after the kind of prose that we find in first grade textbooks or "primers".
See the section on Avoiding Primer Language for advice and exercises on combining sentences. It would also be helpful at this time to review the section on Punctuation Between Two Independent Clauses.
Clauses are combined in three different ways: Coordination involves joining independent clauses with one of the coordinating conjunctions: Clauses thus connected are usually nicely balanced in length and import.
Ramonita thought about joining the church choir, but she never talked to her friends about it. Subordination involves turning one of the clauses into a subordinate element one that cannot stand on its own through the use of a Subordinating Conjunction sometimes called a dependent word or a Relative Pronoun.
When the clause begins with a subordinating word, it is no longer an independent clause; it is called a dependent or subordinate clause because it depends on something else the independent clause for its meaning. Again, see the section on Avoiding Primer Language.
Although Ramonita often thought about joining the choir, she never talked to her friends about it. Ramonita never talked to her friends about joining the choir, because she was afraid they would make fun of her.
Yasmin is Ramonita's sister. Yasmin told Ramonita to join the choir no matter what her friends said.
Joining these with the use of a relative clause:First-order logic—also known as first-order predicate calculus and predicate logic—is a collection of formal systems used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer caninariojana.com-order logic uses quantified variables over non-logical objects and allows the use of sentences that contain variables, so that rather than propositions such as Socrates is a man one can have expressions.
Combinations of Clauses. Review the section on Sentence Variety for help in understanding the variety of sentence patterns. It is difficult to know if you're using different patterns unless you keep in mind the way that clauses are combined in larger sentence-units of thought.
I'm not sure how to write a second one though. 2 · 4 comments. Regret. 2. Writing yourself into the character, before you become the character.
Better way to write this sentence without "is"? (caninariojana.comg) submitted 3 years ago by shadow_op. Loss of control is a common characteristic of fear which affects a large part percentage of the.
In grammar, sentence clause structure commonly known as sentence composition is the classification of sentences based on the number and kind of clauses in their syntactic caninariojana.com division is an element of traditional grammar. English language: English language, a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family that is closely related to Frisian, German, and Dutch languages.
It originated in England and is the dominant language of the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, Ireland, and New Zealand. It has become the world’s lingua franca. We are pleased to announce winners of the third Bad Writing Contest, sponsored by the scholarly journal Philosophy and Literature and its internet discussion group, PHIL-LIT..
The Bad Writing Contest attempts to locate the ugliest, most stylistically awful passage found in a scholarly book or article published in the last few years.